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African-American track and field star who raised a gloved fist in a salute to black unity after winning the 200-meter gold medal at the 1968 Olympics.
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Smith won the 200-meter race at the Olympics in a world- and Olympic-record time of 19.83 seconds, with Carlos finishing third, but it was their time on the winners' podium that would become the iconic moment of the Summer Games. Wearing black socks and black gloves, the two men took their places, bowed their heads and triumphantly raised their fists in a show of black unity.
The track star also became involved in the civil rights movement, forming the Olympic Project for Human Rights with Carlos and sociology professor Harry Edwards. Although Smith and Carlos were named to the 1968 U.S. Olympic track-and-field team, the OPHR initially advocated an African-American boycott of the Summer Games before softening its stance.